Importance and recipients of Zakat
Importance and recipients of Zakat

Importance and recipients of Zakat

Importance and recipients of Zakat

 

Introduction:

             Man is a social animal, so he cannot live without society. Different religions, whether heavenly or men made, and social systems come forward to teach one as to how to live with peace, harmony and respect. Islam among all of them, gives a complete code of life, including all the aspects of an individual as well as collective society. It deals with spiritual, moral, political, economic and social aspects all at the same time. Islamic worship system is not confined to a mere set of rituals rather it embodies complete obedience to Allah Almighty. This fact runs in all Islamic teachings. Zakat is one of the most important teachings and institutions of Islam. On one hand zakat purifies the giver’s soul and take him close to Allah, while on the other hand, produces in one’s personality the characteristics of compassion and love for others.

Zakat: Meaning, Definition and Significance:

                  The word zakat means purification and growth. The Holy Quran says:

“Take from them their wealth so that you might purify and sanctify them.”

Zakat purifies the soul and of the giver from selfishness and greed and cleans his wealth from a portion specified for the less fortunate.

Definition:

             Zakat is obligatory on all Muslims men and women who are “sahib-e-Nisaab” which means; possess a specified limit of wealth , to pay each  year a prescribed portion capital or savings like from farm produces, cattle business activity, paper currency and precious metals such as; gold and silver.

Significance:

           The Holy Quran has mentioned zakat more than 80 times. It is a duty from Allah similar to the duty of ‘Salah’. Allah commands in the Holy Quran;

“So establish Salah and give zakat, and hold fast to Allah”

Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam. The Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) said;

“Islam was built upon five pillars: to witnesses that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad (P.B.U.H) is His servant and messenger, performing prayer, giving zakat, performing pilgrimage and fasting in the month of Ramadan”.

Recipients of zakat

The Holy Quran has mentioned clearly in detail the people who are eligible to receive zakat;

“The SADQAAT (Alms) are only for the poor, the needy, those who collect them, those whose hearts are to be reconciled, to free the captives and debtors for the cause of Allah and for the travelers, a duty imposed by Allah, He is full of knowledge and wisdom” (Al Quran).

Al – FUQARAH (The poor)

              The person who has neither material possessions nor means of livelihood. These are sothers. They deserve our zakat in order to meet the daily necessities of their lives.

Al – MASAKIN (The needy)

               One with insufficient means of livelihood to meet basic needs. These people do not have sufficient amount of income or resources to fulfill their needs. They need our zakat to help them improve their living conditions.

AMILEEN (Zakat collectors)

               Zakat can be given to the people who are authorized and appointed to collect zakat and distributes it among the needy and poor. It includes the trustworthy institutions and NGO’S who are working to help the underprivileged.

MUALLAF

              One who converts to Islam those who are newly converted to Islam are eligible to receive zakat if they are needy. For example, if someone has converted and is detached from their family and friends, you can give your zakat to them. So that they can start their own journey.

RIQAB

        One who wants to free himself from bondage or the shackles of slavery ( In Singapore, zakat due to this category of recipients is spent on those who need help to pursue education or to improve their standard of living.

GHARMIN

      One who is in debt money borrowed to meet basic, halal expenditure, and cannot repay on his own. Zakat can be paid to such a person to repay his debt.

FISABILLILAH (In the path of Allah)

         One who fights for the cause of Allah the people who are striving in the path of Allah are entitle to receive zakat.

IBNUS SABIL (Way farer)

         One who is stranded in journey zakat can be given to a traveler who is left alone in a foreign land is in need of money to get bails to his destination or to fulfill his objective of traveling.

 

 

 

 

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